Beech (Fagus spp.)

General Information

Family: Beech family (Fagaceae)
Flowering period in Central Europe: Early to Full Spring
Months: 4–5

Allergy potential
Low allergenicity. Main allergen Fag s1.

Due to the high similarity of the main allergen, cross-reactions with birch pollen are common (Fag s1 and Bet v1 have a 66% identical protein structure).

Botanical Information

Widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere in temperate climates without summer drought. Distribution — Plains to lower mountainous regions.

Habit — Tree. Foliage — Summer-green, entire margin slightly lobed. Reproduction — Monoecious, ♂ inflorescence head-shaped clusters, ♀ inflorescences develop into beech nuts.

Common species in Europe

European beech or common beech (Fagus sylvatica).
Habit — tree. Habitats — Plains to lower mountainous regions. Forms dense beech-dominated forests. Important forest tree.